Why we have less sex, Tinder can be addictive and what influence smells have on partner choice, MKW students wanted to know from three Freiburg experts in psychology. In addition: How much truthfulness there is in the sentence “I am unable to relate!” And what are the important prerequisites for a successful partner search, the dating and relationship coach Eric Hegmann, known from TV, reveals.
Online dating is becoming more and more popular. Apps like Tinder are particularly popular with 18 to 30 year olds. Whether you are looking for a stable relationship, a casual acquaintance, like-minded people or new friends: the reasons are as diverse as their users themselves.
Here you can find out what you certainly didn’t know about Tinder and how you can set up a profile yourself.
How does my profile attract all eyes and how do I stay in my head? How do I find the right partner? What role do fragrances play in this? And how is sexuality changing with the new dating platforms? The Freiburg psychologists Oliver Heil, Mathieu Pinger and Anne Voormann provide answers.
Ms. Voormann, you research at the Institute for Psychology on the subject of memory and memory, but you also deal with attention, perception and cognition. What characteristics are used to decide whether we will remember an online profile?
Anne Voormann: What we remember in everyday life depends on various mechanisms: how often we see these things, how long we look at them and how much they catch our eye.
That means, if I now notice a person in particular because they are sympathetic, then I would also be more likely to remember that person. Of course, it can also be something very special that stands out from the crowd. For example, surprising hobbies automatically get more attention and recognition value. Here attention and memory are closely related.
There are also a few unwanted effects. With a list of words, the first and last words are best remembered. This is called the primacy recency effect. This can of course also play a role in Tinder. In short-term as well as later tests and comparisons, it is easier to remember the people who were seen first or last on a day. The recognition value is much more likely than with faces that appeared in the middle.
With the multitude of profiles, one usually sifts out automatically. Can the attention be consciously controlled?
There are two different mechanisms that can generally be distinguished. These are the exogenous and endogenous shifts in attention.
With the exogenous shift in attention, certain stimuli are particularly salient, that is, they stand out.